Shia Muslims and the Practice of Tajweed in Quran Reading
As Shia Muslims, we are interest in how and why the Holy Quran was reveale to our Prophet (s). As you may know, there were some Shia scholars who kept the whole Quran memorize even before they could write. How did they do it? They did it by practicing Tajweed. Tajweed means correct pronunciation of the Quran reading. Tajweed helps us to keep the recitation of the Qur’an according to the rules and norms of Arabic Grammar and Exegesis (tafseer).
An Introduction to Tajweed
The use of melodic accent during recitation is common in Arabic language. One must pause between words and sections before continuing on to the next verse or phrase, with a smooth and flawless transition from one to the other. Pause does not allow for any involuntary sound or voluntary breath. There are three main areas that apply for tajweed: respectable pronunciation of its alphabets (correct articulation), rules of pause and resumption, and Tajweed includes three major areas: respectable pronunciation of its alphabets (correct articulation)
Importance of Learning Tajweed
Learning how to do tajweed is important for Shia Muslims. This practice goes back to the time when prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) pray for all of his followers, including Muslim babies that are born into these practicing families, for every word that they read from the Holy Qur’an should be read without any mistakes.
During this study, I’ve learnt that Tajweed is an Arabic term meaning performing something in true methodology.The importance to learning tajlit has been illustrate with the fact that it has three major areas: respectable pronunciation of its alphabets (correct articulation), rules of pause and resumption and melodic accent in recitation.
Rules for Consonants
– Consonants are either term strong or weak: strong consonant is a consonant letter whose form cannot be transform into another from by normal rules of classical Arabic grammar; while a weak consonant is a letter that can change its shape to represent different letters.
– For example, لإن (li-in) will not change to لي (liy) because إن cannot change its shape to اي.
Rules for Vowels
Amongst the rules that Muslim scholars recommend for accurate Tajoting are those governing vowel pronunciation. The Arabic script does not always correspond to the shape of an Arabic word, as it can be represent with a single letter or with two letters, as well. For example, Qur’an is written اقرأ فلا تقل امتعن اليهودي والنصراني) but read إقرأ فلاتقل امتعن اليهودي والنصراني. Such variations do not change any meaning, but they can cause inaccurate pronunciation if they are not follow precisely.
Further Study on Tajweed
For Shia Muslims, a spiritual reading can only be fully understood when recitation is done with proper Tajweed. The rules of pause and resumption also apply to Tajwid while its letters have been given melodic accent by all classifiers as per their nature. The word ‘Tajwid’ is an Arabic term meaning ‘performance something in true methodology’.
How do Shia interpret the Quran?
The Arabic alphabet, like any other language, has many pronunciations. People who read Arabic may say رب بعد دموعي for Daddy after my tears, but those with a southern accent might pronounce it as Rab bi ad dameeyeh. Shia Muslims have debate among themselves whether they should pronounce this word as لبذا or لبابتا; both ways are possible readings (depending on the reader’s region), but al-Jazari writes that a correct reading should be لبابتا.
Can I read Quran in periods Shia?
The tajwid also encompasses correct intonation or reciting a melody to bring out the beautiful sounds of Arabic. However, it is permissible for Shia Muslim scholars to read Quran with a melodic accent that still reads smoothly if they understand its implications.
Although Shia Muslims don’t take part in this practice, Sunni Muslims believe that every verse and letter must be articulate carefully as this affects whether Allah will forgive us our sins or not. This teaching has been elaborate upon by Imam Malik ibn Anas in his Muwatta where he states A good pronouncement changes people’s fortune which means that one word correctly pronounce changes a person’s fate.
Do Shias believe Quran is created?
In accordance to Shia beliefs, Qur’an has been create by Allah. The Prophet Muhammad is consider as someone who had transfer the Qur’an from God to humans without any changes or corruption. For this reason, Shias refuse to accept any other possibility than that the words reveal to Prophet Muhammad are exactly what was reveal by Allah. This means that all verses recite today, whether they were actually a part of Qur’an then or not, originate from an eternal word in Allah’s knowledge which would have been convey through Archangel Gabriel to prophet Muhammad word-for-word.