Longest mountain range in the world

A mountain range is a series of mountains that are geologically linked together. There are some similarities in such mountains such as age, form, and size. A mountain range spans most continents or countries and is often used to mark boundaries. Mountain ranges form through a process called plate tectonics. Plates are pieces of the Earth’s crust, and when they collide, they bend and force vast areas of land to rise. This is why most of the mountains found in chains are fold mountains.

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Longest mountain range in the world

Andes

The Andes in South America is the longest mountain range in the world, with an estimated distance of 7,000 km (4,350 mi). It cuts across the seven South American countries of Argentina, Ecuador, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, and Chile.

The Andes is made up of several active volcanoes, the most active being Ojos del Salado on the Argentina-Chile border. The Andes is characterized by a variety of climatic conditions, ranging from very cold to hot, tropical climates. The mountain range attracts adventurers from all over the world with activities such as hiking, biking, and trekking.

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Southern great slope

The southern Great Escarpment covers a distance of about 5,000 km (3,100 mi). It spans seven countries in southern Africa, covering Zimbabwe, South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho, Namibia, and Angola.

The bulk of it borders South Africa and has been given other names in other countries, with the most popular being the Drakensberg. The Drakensberg Mountains are the highest peaks of the slope. They grow to 3,482 m (11,423.8 ft) in Thabana natalenyana. The Drakensberg range has basalt lava with softer sandstones at the bottom.

Rocky mountain

The Rocky Mountains (Rockies) are a spectacular range of peaks and valleys stretching for about 4,800 km (3,000 mi) from northern British Columbia in Canada to New Mexico in the United States in the south. The series consists of at least 100 different categories which have been narrowed down to four groups.

The highest peak in the range is Mount Albert in Colorado at 4,401 m (14,438.98 ft) above sea level. The Rocky Mountains are most notable for the group of rocks on their surface. These rocks are the result of tectonic forces over a long period of time. Much of the area of ​​the chain is enclosed in parks and resorts attracting millions of tourists to engage in various recreational activities.

Transantarctic mountains

The TransAntarctic Mountains are transverse through ice and glaciers to divide the Antarctic continent into east and west. It is 3,542 km (2,200 mi) long, of which 98% is covered by snow, making it largely inhospitable. The range extends for 8,175 km (5,079.71 mi) east–to the west and 2,005 km (1245.85 mi) north–to south.

The highest peak in Queen Maud is Mount Kirkpatrick at 4,528 m (14,855.6 ft). Research on the range uncovered fossils of plants and reptiles, which showed that the range may have been hospitable before. The range is home to a large number of seals, penguins, and flying seabirds.

Great dividing range

The Great Dividing Range in Australia is a complex series of plateaus, slopes, and mountains that are geologically related. It is 3,059 km (1,900 mi) along the coastline from Queensland, New South Wales to Victoria.

The highest peak is a part of the Australian Alps, the range, Mouth Kosciuszko rises 2,228 m (7309.71 ft) above sea level. This range includes some rivers such as the Snowy River and the Goulburn River. These rivers have facilitated agriculture in the chain through irrigation. The ski resorts and national parks in the range make it ideal for tourism.

Sub-marine mountain range

In addition to land mountain ranges, there are sub-marine mountain ranges, there is another mountain range underwater. The global mid-ocean ridge is the longest of the sub-oceanic mountain ranges, extending for a length of about 65,000 km (40,000 mi). Sub-oceanic mountain ranges, a product of plate tectonics, are also found underwater. Mountains form from cold lava after the ocean floor is forced to rise by convection currents. They are connected by rifts running across a vast area of ​​the ocean floor. Their existence was not known until the 1950s. Mountains are generally active, erupting continuously and causing magma to spread to the ocean floor.

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