Industrial automation describes computerized systems used in manufacturing that operate various machines and processes without the need for human intervention. The majority of the tasks carried out by such systems would be regarded as repetitive, mechanical, or occasionally both.

Industries have started implementing automated systems to boost productivity and efficiency at work as a result of modernization and technology. According to Fortune Business Insights, the industrial automation market has grown significantly due to the widespread adoption of these systems, hitting 127.04 billion dollars in 2018 and projected to reach a mind-boggling 296.70 billion dollars in 2026.

Although these figures demonstrate an increase in the adoption of automation systems, they do not distinguish between the many different types of automation systems that exist. How would you then choose which automation solution is best for your company?

The ideal automation solution for your company will depend on the labor market, labor costs, production and assembly requirements, and competitive pressure. The various automation system types and the industries where they are most frequently used are highlighted below.

You should be better able to choose the ideal automation system for your company by looking at the sorts of systems listed below and taking the considerations discussed above into account.



Fixed automation systems, often known as hard automation, consistently complete a specific set of duties. This kind of system would normally be employed for continuous flow systems and discrete mass manufacturing because of its function. An automated conveyor belt system that moves objects from point A to point B with the least amount of effort is an example of fixed automation equipment. Automated conveyor belts carry out fixed and repetitive tasks to reach high production quantities, much like any other fixed automation system equipment.

This system would be compatible with the following manufacturing processes:

  • Despite its limitations, repetitive production allows for some changes in the manufacturing process (e.g. in food packaging or the textile industry)

Adopting a fixed automation system, such as automated conveyor belts, and adding value-added solutions during their installation reduces the pressure of the competition on your company, boosts your profit margin, and puts you one step ahead of the pack. Using bundled wire for automated conveyor systems would be an illustration of a value-added solution. In addition to reducing installation time and labor costs, this also protects workers from injuries caused by pulling wire during installation.


Programmable automation, as the name implies, operates using instructions provided by a computer programmed. This indicates that the processes that are produced can vary significantly depending on the directions changed to the computer through a series of code. However, because programming requires non-trivial work, little change is made to the activities and processes. This kind of automation is typical in factories that manufacture large quantities of comparable goods using many of the same processes and equipment, such as paper mills and steel rolling mills. To learn more about ASCO Solenoid Valves touch with us.

This system would be compatible with the following manufacturing processes:

  • repetitive production, which involves making many of the same products over a long period of time. These pieces of machinery require very little human supervision to continue operating. They are frequently employed in the production of machinery and automobiles.

Programmable automation technology may be expensive to set up initially, but because the operations are ongoing and rarely change, they are typically less expensive over time.


This kind of automation, also known as soft automation, enables more adaptability in production and is used in computer-controlled flexible manufacturing systems. Every piece of machinery receives instructions from a computer that is managed by a person, therefore the tasks might change significantly depending on the code that is sent to the computer. Typically, batch operations and job shops with a wide range of products and low to moderate task volumes, like those in the textile industry, would use this kind of automation.

This system would be compatible with the following manufacturing processes:

  • Discrete manufacturing, which allows for little differences within the production process, such as in the textile or food packaging sectors.
  • Job shop manufacturing, which takes place in designated production areas and requires more work than other types of manufacturing, A case in point is the creation of unique machinery.
  • Raw materials are produced using a batch method, in which each step of the production line is completed after a batch has passed through it (e.g. in the pharmaceutical industry and in paint manufacturing).
  • Production that uses a continuous process ensures consistency in processing because the entire manufacturing process remains constant. Both the production of food and beverages as well as that of oil and gas frequently employ this form of manufacturing.


Integrated automation entails completely automating production facilities so that all operations are managed by computers and control systems with little to no human input. The required parts can be designed by computers, tested by computers, and manufactured by computers. Like flexible automation, integrated automation is suitable with both batch and continuous manufacturing processes.

Such automation is used in the following technologies:

  • Process planning with computers
  • computer-aided design and production
  • machine tools with computer numerical control
  • Control of production and scheduling using computers
  • Systems for automatic archiving and retrieval
  • machines that can be customized
  • Robotic automated material handling systems
  • Automated cranes and conveyor belts

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